The main goal of ecology is to understand the occurrence and distribution of living and non-living things in the environment. In the concept of ecology, the living and non-living things comprise of biotic and abiotic factors and how they interact with the surroundings. Thus, it is critical to understand the importance of ecology, as provided in this article.
Conservation of Environment
Through ecology, human beings can understand how anthropogenic activities impact on the environment. Failure to follow the subject of ecology has resulted in land degradation and the environment. Besides, it has caused the extinction of species while leaving others endangered. Thus, the study is very vital in helping us understand how to protect our environment from any damage.
Energy is required by all living things for their growth and development. This form of energy is obtained from the abiotic components of the environment. Inadequate or lack of understanding of matters concerning ecology leads to over-dependence on specific energy resources or over-exploitation of resources such as radiation, nutrition, and light resulting in depletion. Furthermore, the lack of knowledge leads to an imbalance in the composition of different species in the parks, thus forcing some animals and plants to be displaced from the ecosystem. On the other hand, if people know about ecology, they will take the necessary actions to protect, prevent, and conserve energy by avoiding unnecessary wastage for future consumption.
Adequate resource allocation
Different organisms require optimum quantities of resources for their survival. The knowledge of ecology helps understand the requirements of different organisms, thus ensuring all the necessary resources are distributed to avoid instances of scarcity or depreciation, which might lead to improper competition. Besides, this knowledge will help in balancing the number of different populations in a park to guarantee the continued existence of the various plants in the ecosystem.
Harmonious living among species and adoption of a lifestyle that protects the ecology life is essential, and it can only be understood through ecology. Knowing what each species feeds on in a park, the types of plants needed based on the kind of animals guides on the way to strike a balance on providing a conducive existence of the ecosystem components.